Doing Cooperative Business in 33 countries, incl. Belgium 'the exception'- is it feasible to set up and develop co-operatives in a particular country?
This publication develops a methodological framework to achieve the Alliance’s ambition to disclose Doing Co-operative Business (DCB) Reports on a regular basis.
The study centres around the concept of the enabling environment for co-operatives across nations.
“the enabling environment for various types of co-operatives is the degree to which nations, governments and/or societies support and foster co-operative firms in their establishment and subsequent development in accordance with the seven universal Co-operative Principles.”
In other words: if there is a potential need for co-operatives, is it feasible to set up and develop co-operatives in a particular country?
Some salient conclusions from our empirical analysis include the following:
- The co-operative sector is generally smaller in societies characterised by large inequalities and where power is captured in the hands of just a few people. In turn, it is also quite conceivable that a healthy national co-operative economy could improve performance on the Power Distance Indicator;
- A favourable general business environment (e.g. a higher General Doing Business Indicator according to the World Bank) is associated with better co-operative performance.
- Good governance conditions (reflected in high scores for Governance Indicators composed by the World Bank) are positively correlated with co-operative performance.
- A rise in perceived corruption presumably marks a deteriorating constellation for co-operatives. Vice versa, a more robust co-operative economy could be conducive to decrease the level of corruption in a country;
- Income inequality (according to the Gini Coefficient) is significantly and negatively correlated with co-operative performance. Rising income inequality hints at a decline in co-operative conditions.
- In other words, it seems that the more democratic a society, the more fertile the situation for co-operatives will be. It could also be the other way round: a larger co-operative sector could exert a positive impact on the democracy level of a country.
This publication is a report of TIAS School for Business and Society (henceforth TIAS) at Tilburg University in The Netherlands under supervision of Hans Groeneveld, Professor Financial Services Co-operatives commissioned by the International Co-operative Alliance (‘the Alliance’) and develops a methodological skeleton for the Doing Co-operative Business Report (DCB Report).
A report of TIAS School for Business and Society under supervision of Hans Groeneveld, commissioned by the International Co-operative Alliance
Er zijn geen downloads beschikbaar.